Bio

Ashoona, Kiawak

Born:  September 16, 1933       Male       E7-1103

       Resides:  Cape Dorset

       Sculpture, Drawings, Prints, Printmaking

       EXHIBITIONS:

       May 1953                           Eskimo Carvings: Coronation Exhibition

                                                   Gimpel Fils                                      

                                                   London, England

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       1959                                   Northern Exhibit

                                                   Stratford Festival                               

                                                   Stratford, Ontario

       1960, 1963                        Cape Dorset Graphics

                                                   (annual collection)                              

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       1962                                   Cape Dorset Print Collection (printmaker)

                                                   (annual collection)                              

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       January - February 1963  ART ESKIMO

                                                   Galerie de France                                

                                                   Paris, France

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       1965                                   Four Artists from Cape Dorset

                                                   Lippel Gallery                                   

                                                   Montreal, Quebec

       1967                                   Eskimo Sculpture

                                                   Winnipeg Art Gallery                             

                                                   presented at the Manitoba Legislative            

                                                   Building                                         

                                                   Winnipeg, Manitoba

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       1967                                   The Eskimo Art Collection of the

                                                   Toronto-Dominion Bank                            

                                                   Toronto-Dominion Bank                            

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

                                                   (tour)

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

 

 

       January - February 1967  Cape Dorset - A Decade of Eskimo

                                                   Prints & Recent Sculpture                        

                                                   National Gallery of Canada,                      

                                                   in cooperation with the Canadian                 

                                                   Eskimo Art Committee                             

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

                                                   (tour)

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       April - May 1967                Carvings and Prints by the Family

                                                   of Pitseolak                                     

                                                   Robertson Galleries                               

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

       1968                                   Eskimo Sculpture

                                                   Man & His World, Arctic Pavilion                 

                                                   Montreal, Quebec

       November - Dec 1968     Eskimo Carvings

                                                   Waddington                                       

                                                   Montreal, Quebec

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       May - June 1969               Eskimo Sculpture '69

                                                   Robertson Galleries                              

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       November 1969                Arctic Art

                                                   Lippel Gallery, presented at Place               

                                                   Bonaventure                                      

                                                   Montreal, Quebec

                                                   (illustrated brochure)

       1970                                   Mythology in Stone

                                                   Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec                  

                                                   Montreal, Quebec

       June - July 1970                Sculpture

                                                   Canadian Eskimo Arts Council                     

                                                   a competition/exhibition organized as            

                                                   a contribution to the Centennial of the          

                                                   N.W.T.                                            

                                                   Yellowknife, Northwest Territories

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       Sep - Oct 1970                 The Woodget Collection of Eskimo Art

                                                   and Artifacts                                    

                                                   Nova Scotia Museum of Fine Art                   

                                                   Halifax, Nova Scotia

                                                   (catalogue)

       1971 - 1973                       Sculpture/Inuit: Masterworks of the

                                                   Canadian Arctic                                  

                                                   Canadian Eskimo Arts Council                     

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

                                                   (tour)

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       January - February 1971  The Art of the Eskimo

                                                   Simon Fraser Gallery,                            

                                                   Simon Fraser University                          

                                                   Burnaby, British Columbia

                                                   (catalogue)

       Sep - Oct 1971                 Eskimo Carvings and Prints from the

                                                   Collection of York University                    

                                                   Art Gallery of York University                   

                                                   Downsview, Ontario

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       June - September 1973   Cultures of the Sun and the Snow:

                                                   Indian and Eskimo Art of the Americas            

                                                   Musee des beaux-arts de Montreal                 

                                                   held at "Man and His World"                      

                                                   Montreal, Quebec

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       December 1973 - January 1974      

                                                   Eskimo Sculpture (and Drawings)

                                                   Waddington Galleries                             

                                                   Montreal, Quebec

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       August 1974                      Ten Masterworks Exhibition Artists

                                                   Gallery of the Arctic                            

                                                   Victoria, British Columbia

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

 

       October - Nov 1974          Eskimo Art

                                                   Queens Museum                                    

                                                   Flushing, New York, U.S.A.

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       1975                                   Cape Dorset - Selected Sculpture from the

                                                   Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery           

                                                   Winnipeg Art Gallery                             

                                                   Winnipeg, Manitoba

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       October - Nov 1976          Selections from the Toronto-Dominion

                                                   Collection of Eskimo Art                          

                                                   National Arts Centre                             

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

       November 1976                Hunters of Old

                                                   Inukshuk Galleries Inc.                          

                                                   Waterloo, Ontario

       1977                                   The Contemporary Eskimo Prints and Sculpture

                                                   Amon Carter Museum of Western Art                

                                                   Fort Worth, Texas, U.S.A.

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       Jan 1977 - Jun 1982        The Inuit Print/L'estampe inuit

                                                   Department of Indian Affairs and                 

                                                   Northern Development and the                     

                                                   National Museum of Man                           

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

                                                   (tour)

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       1978                                   Looking South

                                                   Winnipeg Art Gallery                             

                                                   Winnipeg, Manitoba

                                                   (tour)

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

 

       October 1978                    Kiawak, Kumwartok, Kaka:

                                                   The Sons of Pitseolak Ashoona - Cape Dorset      

                                                   The Innuit Gallery of Eskimo Art                 

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

                                                   (illustrated brochure)

       Oct - Nov 1978                  Eskimo Art

                                                   Embankment Gallery                               

                                                   London, England

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       Nov - Dec 1978                 Polar Vision: Canadian Eskimo Graphics

                                                   Jerusalem Artists' House Museum                  

                                                   Jerusalem, Israel

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       March - April 1979            Sculpture of the Inuit: Lorne Balshine

                                                   Collection/Lou Osipov Collection/                

                                                   Dr. Harry Winrob Collection                      

                                                   Surrey Art Gallery                               

                                                   Surrey, British Columbia

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       July 1979 - May 1980       Inuit Art in the 1970s

                                                   Department of Indian Affairs                     

                                                   and Northern Development, and the                

                                                   Agnes Etherington Art Centre                     

                                                   Kingston, Ontario

                                                   (tour)

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       Sep - Oct 1979                 Inuit Sculpture from the Collection of Mr.

                                                   and Mrs. Eugene B. Power                         

                                                   University of Michigan Museum of Art             

                                                   Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A.

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       Sep - Oct 1979                 Taleelayu-Sedna: An exhibition of Eskimo

                                                   Art derived from the legends of the              

                                                   sea goddess                                       

                                                   Gallery One                                      

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

 

       October 1979                    Sculpture of the Inuit: Masterwork

                                                   Exhibitors of the Canadian Arctic                

                                                   Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

                                                   Vancouver, British Columbia

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       Jan - Feb 1980                  Inuit Master Artists of the 1970s

                                                   Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

                                                   Vancouver, British Columbia

       January - March 1980       Cape Dorset

                                                   Winnipeg Art Gallery                              

                                                   Winnipeg, Manitoba

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       February - March 1980    Collectors' Choice - An Exhibition of

                                                   Important Inuit Sculpture                        

                                                   Waddington Galleries                             

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

       February - March 1980    First Annual Collectors' Invitational

                                                   Exhibition                                       

                                                   Inuk 1/Eskimo Art                                

                                                   San Francisco, California, U.S.A.

       April - May 1980               The Klamer Family Collection of Inuit

                                                   Art from the Art Gallery of Ontario              

                                                   University of Guelph                             

                                                   Guelph, Ontario

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       October 1980                    Inuit Sculpture Prints & Drawings

                                                   Theo Waddington Galleries                         

                                                   Montreal, Quebec

       1981                                   Cape Dorset Sculptors and Their Sculpture

                                                   The Inuit Art Collection                          

                                                   Mr. and Mrs. James F. Bacon                      

                                                   Manchester, Connecticut, U.S.A.

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

 

       May - June 1981               Four Cape Dorset Sculptors

                                                   Theo Waddington Galleries                        

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

       September 1981              The Year of the Bear

                                                   The Arctic Circle                                

                                                   Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.

       September - October 1981    The Jacqui and Morris Shumiatcher

                                                   Collection of Inuit Art                          

                                                   Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery,                    

                                                   University of Regina                             

                                                   Regina, Saskatchewan

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       June - October 1982        Inuit Art from the Art Centre Collection

                                                   Macdonald Stewart Art Centre                     

                                                   Guelph, Ontario

       May 1983                          Out of the Depths: Whalebone Sculpture

                                                   The Innuit Gallery of Eskimo Art                 

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

                                                   (illustrated brochure)

       May 1983 - April 1985     Grasp Tight the Old Ways: Selections from

                                                   the Klamer Family Collection of Inuit Art        

                                                   Art Gallery of Ontario                           

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

                                                   (tour)

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       October 1983                    Fantasy and Stylization - Cape Dorset

                                                   Sculpture                                        

                                                   Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

                                                   Vancouver, British Columbia

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       October - Dec 1983          Inuit Masterworks: Selections from

                                                   the Collection of Indian and Northern            

                                                   Affairs Canada                                   

                                                   McMichael Canadian Collection                    

                                                   Kleinburg, Ontario

 

       Feb 1984 - Jun 1986       Arctic Vision: Art of the Canadian Inuit

                                                   Department of Indian Affairs and                 

                                                   Northern Development and Canadian                

                                                   Arctic Producers                                  

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

                                                   (tour)

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       March - June 1984           The Oral Tradition

                                                   National Museum of Man                           

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

       June - August 1984          Cape Dorset Prints: Twenty-Five Years

                                                   National Gallery of Canada                       

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

       October 1984                    Images of the Far North

                                                   Studio Art Gallery,                              

                                                   State University of New York                     

                                                   Binghamton, New York, U.S.A.

       Feb 1985 - Apr 1986       Die Kunst aus der Arktis

                                                   Department of Indian and Northern                

                                                   Affairs Canada, Ottawa,                          

                                                   presented by Commerzbank                         

                                                   Frankfurt, Germany

                                                   (tour)

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       March - May 1985            Uumajut: Animal Imagery in Inuit Art

                                                   Winnipeg Art Gallery                              

                                                   Winnipeg, Manitoba

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       May 1985                           Gems in Arctic Jade: Sculpture of the Inuit

                                                   Arctic Artistry                                  

                                                   Hartsdale, New York, U.S.A.

       October 1985                    Our Hoods are Full

                                                   Arctic Artistry                                  

                                                   Hartsdale, New York, U.S.A.

 

       December 1985                Masterwork Sculpture 1985

                                                   Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

                                                   Vancouver, British Columbia

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       July 1986                           Baffin Island Sculpture

                                                   Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

                                                   Vancouver, British Columbia

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       July 1986 - Feb 1988       Selections from the John and Mary Robertson

                                                   Collection of Inuit Art                          

                                                   Agnes Etherington Art Centre                     

                                                   Queen's University                               

                                                   Kingston, Ontario

                                                   (tour)

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       March 1988                       Arctic Forms - Inuit Sculpture

                                                   Arctic Inuit Art Gallery                         

                                                   Richmond, Virginia, U.S.A.

       June - September 1988   The World Around Me

                                                   University of Lethbridge Art Gallery             

                                                   Lethbridge, Alberta

       October 1988                    Opening Exhibition

                                                   Nunavut Fine Arts Limited                         

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

       November 1988                Primitive Art from the Arctic

                                                   Arctic Artistry                                  

                                                   Hartsdale, New York, U.S.A.

       Nov 1988 - Apr 1989        Night Spirits: Cape Dorset 1960-1965

                                                   Winnipeg Art Gallery                             

                                                   Winnipeg, Manitoba

       December 1988 - 1989    Im Schatten der Sonne:Zeitgenossische Kunst

                                                   der Indianer und Eskimos in Kanada/In the        

                                                   Shadow of the Sun:Contemporary Indian and Inuit  

                                                   Art in Canada                                    

                                                   Canadian Museum of Civilization                  

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

                                                   (tour)

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       January 1989                    Cold Stones, Warm Hearts: Inuit Art

                                                   from the Northwest Territories                   

                                                   University of Richmond                            

                                                   Richmond, Virginia, U.S.A.

       Jan - Feb 1989                 Images of the Far North

                                                   Arctic Artistry                                  

                                                   (held at the Erie County Fairgrounds)            

                                                   Hartsdale, New York, U.S.A.

       April 1989                          Master Works from the Early Years

                                                   Arctic Artistry                                  

                                                   Hastings-on-Hudson, New York, U.S.A.

       June 1989                          Masters of the Arctic: An Exhibition

                                                   of Contemporary Inuit Masterworks                

                                                   Presented by the Amway Corporation               

                                                   at the United Nations General Assembly           

                                                   New York, New York, U.S.A.

                                                   (tour)

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       Jan - Sep 1990                 Arctic Mirror

                                                   Canadian Museum of Civilization                  

                                                   Hull, Quebec

       Sep - Oct 1990                 Through the Eyes of the Shaman

                                                   Arctic Artistry                                  

                                                   Hastings-on-Hudson, New York, U.S.A.

       November 1990                Inuit Masterworks

                                                   Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

                                                   Vancouver, British Columbia

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       Dec 1990 - Jan 1991       A Family Tradition: Inuit Art

                                                   from Canada's Arctic                              

                                                   Presented by Arctic Inuit Art at the             

                                                   Virginia Museum of Fine Arts                     

                                                   Richmond, Virginia, U.S.A.

 

       February - June 1991       Granville Island Canadian Inuit Sculpture

                                                   Exhibition (first exhibition)                    

                                                   Vancouver Inuit Art Society                      

                                                   Vancouver, British Columbia

       May 1991                           Inuit Music in Art: Singing and Dancing and

                                                   Playing                                          

                                                   Feheley Fine Arts                                

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

       June - September 1991   Granville Island Canadian Inuit Sculpture

                                                   Exhibition (second exhibition)                   

                                                   Vancouver Inuit Art Society                      

                                                   Vancouver, British Columbia

       Nov - Dec 1991                Inuit Sculpture:  Displayed in Conjunction with

                                                   the 1991 Cape Dorset Annual Graphics Collection  

                                                   Muscarelle Museum of Art                         

                                                   Williamsburg, Virginia, U.S.A.

       Dec 1991 - Mar 1992      In Cape Dorset We Do It This Way:  Three Decades

                                                   of Inuit Printmaking                             

                                                   McMichael Canadian Art Collection                

                                                   Kleinburg, Ontario

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       Feb - Sep 1992                 Inuit Art: Drawings and Recent Sculpture

                                                   National Gallery of Canada                       

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

       May 1992                           Our Hoods Are Full

                                                   Arctic Artistry                                   

                                                   Hastings-on-Hudson, New York, U.S.A.

       Nov - Dec 1992                 Inuit Sculpture--New Acquisitions

                                                   Pucker Gallery                                    

                                                   Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

                                                   (illustrated brochure)

 

       December 1992                Small Sculptures by Great Artists I

                                                   Feheley Fine Arts                                

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

       March - June 1993            Strange Scenes: Early Cape Dorset Drawings

                                                   McMichael Canadian Collection                    

                                                   Kleinberg, Ontario

       Nov 1993 - Mar 1994       The Inuit Imagination

                                                   Winnipeg Art Gallery                             

                                                   Winnipeg, Manitoba

       December 1993               Small Sculptures by Great Artists II

                                                   Feheley Fine Arts                                

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

       May - August 1994           On Collectors and Collecting:

                                                   Selections from the Herb & Cece Schreiber        

                                                   Family Collection                                

                                                   The Art Gallery of Hamilton                       

                                                   Hamilton, Ontario

                                                   (illustrated brochure)

       July 1994                           Arctic Spirit

                                                   35 Years of Canadian Inuit Art                   

                                                   Frye Art Museum                                  

                                                   Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.

       October 1994                    Sculpture of the Inuit:

                                                   Major Works by the Masters of Stone              

                                                   Maslak McLeod Canadian Art                       

                                                   Santa Fe, New Mexico, U.S.A.

       Nov - Dec 1994                 Small Sculptures by Great Artists III

                                                   Feheley Fine Arts                                

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

       Jan - Feb 1995                 The Collector's Eye

                                                   Inuit Art from Private Collections               

                                                   Albers Gallery                                   

                                                   San Francisco, California, USA

                                                   (illustrated brochure)

 

      March - July 1995               Immaginario Inuit

                                                   Arte e cultura degli esquimesi canadesi          

                                                   Galleria d'Arte Moderna                           

                                                   e Contemporanea                                  

                                                   Verona, Italy

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       May - Sep 1995                Keeping Our Stories Alive:

                                                   An Exhibition of the Art and Crafts              

                                                   from Dene and Inuit of Canada                     

                                                   Institute of American Indian Arts Museum         

                                                   Santa Fe, New Mexico, U.S.A.

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       November 1995                Inspiration

                                                   Four Decades of Sculpture                        

                                                   Marion Scott Gallery                              

                                                   Vancouver, British Columbia

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       SOLO EXHIBITIONS:

       March 1980                        Kiawak Ashoona

                                                   Theo Waddington                                  

                                                   New York, New York, U.S.A.

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       May - June 1980               Kiawak Ashoona - Stone Sculpture

                                                   Waddington Galleries                             

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

                                                   (illustrated brochure)

       November 1985                Kiawak Ashoona: aus Cape Dorset, Baffin-Insel,

                                                   Nordkanada                                       

                                                   Inuit Galerie                                    

                                                   Mannheim, Germany

       August - Sep 1986            Kiugak Ashoona - Recent Sculpture

                                                   Houston North Gallery                            

                                                   Lunenburg, Nova Scotia

 

       May 1991                           Kiawak

                                                   Marion Scott Gallery                             

                                                   Vancouver, British Columbia

                                                   (illustrated catalogue)

       COLLECTIONS:

       Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, Fort Worth, Texas, U.S.A.

       Amway Environmental Foundation Collection, Ada, Michigan, U.S.A. 

       Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario

       Art Gallery of York University, Downsview, Ontario          

       Canada Council Art Bank, Ottawa, Ontario

       Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec, Montreal, Quebec

       Canadian Museum of Civilization, Hull, Quebec

       Dennos Museum Center, Northwestern Michigan College, Traverse City, U.S.A.

       Glenbow Museum, Calgary, Alberta

       Inuit Cultural Institute, Rankin Inlet, Northwest Territories

       Klamer Family Collection, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario

       Macdonald Stewart Art Centre, Guelph, Ontario

       McMaster University Art Gallery, Hamilton, Ontario

       McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario

       Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, New York, U.S.A.

       Musee des beaux-arts de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec

       Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, U.S.A.

       National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario

       Nunatta Sunaqutangit Museum, Iqaluit, Northwest Territories

       Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories

       Sarick Collection, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario

       Simon Fraser Gallery, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia

       Toronto-Dominion Bank Collection, Toronto, Ontario

       University of Lethbridge Art Gallery, Lethbridge, Alberta

       Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, Manitoba

       HONOURS, ACHIEVEMENTS and EVENTS:

       1959     Kiawak attended the opening of the exhibit 'Eskimo Carvers at Stratford',

                which was held during the 1959 Stratford Festival, Stratford, Ontario.

       1971     Travelled to Vancouver to attend the opening of the Sculpture/Inuit

                exhibition.

       1971     Kiawak's sculpture "Howling spirit (Tornrak) and its young" (1962) is featured

                on the cover of the SCULPTURE/INUIT catalogue.

       1980     A sculpture by Kiawak entitled 'Sedna' was reproduced on a seventeen

                cent stamp issued September 25, 1980.

       1987     One of Ashoona's carvings was presented to U.S. president Ronald Reagan

                at the Summit meeting June 21,1988 in Toronto.

       1989     Attended the opening of the 'Masters of the Arctic' exhibition in New York.

       SELECTED REFERENCES:

 

           ARTS OF THE ESKIMO: PRINTS:  /Ed. by Ernst Roch. Texts by

           Patrick Furneaux and Leo Rosshandler.  Montreal: Signum Press in

           association with Oxford University Press, Toronto, 1974.

 

           IM SCHATTEN DER SONNE:  Zeitgenoessische Kunst der Indianer und

           Eskimos in Kanada. [In the Shadow of the Sun: Contemporary Art

           of the Indians and Eskimos in Canada].  Stuttgart: Edition

           Cantz.  Ottawa: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1988.

 

           INUIT SPIRITS:  Theme of New Postage Stamps.  News/North, vol.

           25, September 19, 1980. [1]p.

       Blakeman, Evelyn                                 

           OMINGMAK:  The Muskox.  The Inuit Art Enthusiasts Newsletter,

           Issue 31, April, 1986.

       Blodgett, Jean                                   

           CHRISTIANITY AND INUIT ART.  The Beaver, Autumn, 1984. pp.16-25.

 

 

       Blodgett, Jean                                    

           GRASP TIGHT THE OLD WAYS:  Selections from the Klamer Family

           Collection of Inuit Art.  Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1983.

       Blodgett, Jean                                   

           IN CAPE DORSET WE DO IT THIS WAY:  THREE DECADES OF INUIT

           PRINTMAKING:  Jean Blodgett/with essays by Heather Ardies,

           Leslie Boyd and Linda Sutherland.  Kleinburg, Ont. : McMichael

           Canadian Art Collection, 1991.

       Blodgett, Jean                                    

           SELECTIONS FROM THE JOHN AND MARY ROBERTSON COLLECTION OF INUIT

           SCULPTURE.  Kingston, Ont. : Queens University,  The Agnes

           Etherington Art Centre, 1986.

       Blodgett, Jean and Susan Gustavison               

           STRANGE SCENES:  EARLY CAPE DORSET DRAWINGS.  Kleinburg, Ont.:

           McMichael Canadian Collection, 1993.

       Canada.  Dept. of Indian Affairs and Northern Dev.

           INUNNIT:  The Art of the Canadian Eskimo = L'art des Eskimaux du

           Canada. / by W. T. Larmour. French translation by Jacques

           Brunet.  Ottawa: Department of Indian Affairs and Northern

           Development, 1967.

       Canadian Eskimo Arts Council                     

           SCULPTURE/INUIT:  Sculpture of the Inuit: masterworks of the

           Canadian Arctic = La sculpture chez les Inuit: chefs-d'oeuvre de

           l'Arctique canadien.  Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

           London: Aidan Ellis Publishing, 1971.

       Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec                  

           CANADIAN GUILD OF CRAFTS QUEBEC. = GUILDE CANADIENNE DES METIERS

           D'ART QUEBEC:  The Permanent Collection: Inuit Arts and Crafts,

           c. 1900-1980.  Montreal:  Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec, 1980.

       Drolet, Jean-Paul                                

           THE ART THAT CAME IN FROM THE COLD.  Ottawa:  XII International

           Congress of the International Society of Photogrammetry, 1972.

 

       Gillmor, Alison                                  

           THE ASHOONA FAMILY OF CAPE DORSET.  Inuit Art Quarterly, 10(2)

           Summer 1995, pp. 38-39.

       Houston, James A.                                 

           INUIT SCULPTURE:  The Spirit in the Stone.  Town and Country,

           vol. 137, no. 5042, November, 1983. pp.315-317, 322-323.

       Institute of American Indian Arts Museum         

           KEEPING OUR STORIES ALIVE:  An Exhibition of Art and Crafts from

           Dene and Inuit of Canada.  Santa Fe, N.M.: Institute of American

           Native Arts Museum, 1995.

       Inuit Art Collection                             

           CAPE DORSET:  Sculptors and their Sculpture.  Manchester, Conn.:

           The Inuit Art Collection, 1981.

       Inuit Galerie                                    

           KIAWAK ASHOONA.  Mannheim: Federal Republic of Germany, Inuit

           Gallerie, 1987.

       Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

           Baffin Island Sculpture.  Vancouver, B.C. : Inuit Gallery, 1986.

       Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

           CAPE DORSET SCULPTURE:  Fantasy & Stylization.  Vancouver: Inuit

           Gallery of Vancouver, 1983.

       Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

           SCULPTURE OF THE INUIT:  Masterwork Exhibitors of the Canadian

           Arctic.  Vancouver: Inuit Gallery, 1979.

       Jackson, Marion E.                               

           THE ASHOONAS OF CAPE DORSET:  In Touch with Tradition.

           North/Nord, vol. 29, no. 3, Fall, 1982. pp.14-18.

       Leechman, Douglas                                

           ESKIMO SCULPTURE IN STONE.  Canadian Geographical Journal, vol.

           49, no. 3, September, 1954. pp.90-99.

 

       Lipton, Barbara                                  

           ARCTIC VISION:  Art of the Canadian Inuit.  Ottawa : Canadian

           Arctic Producers, 1984.

       Macduff, Alistair                                

           LORDS OF THE STONE:  An Anthology of Eskimo Sculpture. / By

           Alistair  Macduff. Photographs by George M. Galpin.  North

           Vancouver:  Whitecap Books, 1982.

       Marion Scott Gallery                             

           INSPIRATION:  FOUR DECADES OF SCULPTURE BY CANADIAN INUIT:

           Curated by Norman Zepp.  Vancouver:  Marion Scott Gallery [1996].

       McMichael Canadian Collection                    

           THE MCMICHAEL CANADIAN COLLECTION.  Kleinberg: McMichael

           Canadian Collection, 1979.

       Millard, Peter                                   

           ON QUALITY IN ART:  Who decides.  Inuit Art Quarterly, vol. 7,

           no. 3, Summer/Fall 1992, pp. 4-14.

       National Museum of Man                           

           THE INUIT PRINT = L'ESTAMPE INUIT:  A Travelling Exhibition... =

           Une exposition itinerante...  Ottawa: National Museum of Man,

           National Museums of Canada, 1977.

       Oxorn, Pearl                                     

           AN INUIT'S TRIBUTE TO CONTAIN FAMILY UNITY.  Ottawa Journal,

           October 23, 1976.

       Ritchie, Carson I.A.                             

           THE ESKIMO AND HIS ART.  Toronto: The Macmillan Company of

           Canada, 1974.  [London and New York, 1975].

       Robertson Galleries                              

           CARVINGS AND PRINTS BY THE FAMILY OF PITSEOLAK.  Ottawa: The

           Robertson Galleries, 1967.

       Robertson Galleries                              

           ESKIMO SCULPTURE '69.  Ottawa: The Robertson Galleries, 1969.

 

       Routledge, Marie                                  

           KIAWAK ASHOONA:  Sculpture.  Cape Dorset: Kingait Press, 1980.

       Seidelman, Harold and James Turner               

           THE INUIT IMAGINATION:  Arctic Myth and Sculpture.

           Vancouver/Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre, 1993.

       Swinton, George                                  

           SCULPTURE OF THE ESKIMO.  Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1972.

       University of Guelph                             

           THE KLAMER FAMILY COLLECTION OF INUIT ART (from the Art Gallery

           of Ontario).  Guelph: University of Guelph, 1980.

       Verona.   Galleria d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea

           IMMAGINARIO INUIT:  ARTE E CULTURA DEGLI ESQUIMESICANADESI.

           Commune di Verona:  Galleria d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di

           Palazzo Forti, 1995.

       Waddington Galleries                             

           ESKIMO SCULPTURE.  Montreal: Waddington Galleries, 1974.

       Webb, Marshall                                   

           THE TORONTO DOMINION GALLERY OF INUIT ART.  Toronto, Ont. :

           Inuit Art Quarterly 1(2):8-9, 1986.

       Winnipeg Art Gallery                             

           CAPE DORSET.  Winnipeg: The Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1979.

       Winnipeg Art Gallery                             

           CAPE DORSET:  Selected Sculpture from the Collection of the

           Winnipeg Art Gallery.  Winnipeg: The Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1975.