Bio

Ashoona, Kiawak

Né:  16 Septembre 1933       Homme       E7-1103

       Réside:  Cape Dorset

       Sculpture, dessins, litographie, impressions

       EXPOSITIONS:

       Mai 1953                             Eskimo Carvings: Coronation Exhibition

                                                   Gimpel Fils                                      

                                                   Londres, Angleterre

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       1959                                   Northern Exhibit

                                                   Stratford Festival                               

                                                   Stratford, Ontario

       1960, 1963                        Cape Dorset Graphics

                                                   (collection annuelle)                              

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       1962                                   Cape Dorset Print Collection (printmaker)

                                                   (collection annuelle)                              

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Janvrier - Février 1963  ART ESKIMO

                                                   Galerie de France                                

                                                   Paris, France

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       1965                                   Four Artists from Cape Dorset

                                                   Lippel Gallery                                   

                                                   Montréal, Québec

       1967                                   Eskimo Sculpture

                                                   Winnipeg Art Gallery                             

                                                   présenté au Manitoba Legislative            

                                                   Building                                         

                                                   Winnipeg, Manitoba

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       1967                                   The Eskimo Art Collection of the

                                                   Toronto-Dominion Bank                            

                                                   Toronto-Dominion Bank                            

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

                                                   (catalogue)

 

 

       January - February 1967  Cape Dorset - A Decade of Eskimo

                                                   Prints & Recent Sculpture                        

                                                   National Gallery of Canada,                      

                                                   in cooperation with the Canadian                 

                                                   Eskimo Art Committee                             

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

                                                   (tour)

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Avril - Mai 1967                   Carvings and Prints by the Family

                                                   of Pitseolak                                     

                                                   Robertson Galleries                               

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

       1968                                   Eskimo Sculpture

                                                   Man & His World, Arctic Pavilion                 

                                                   Montréal, Québec

       Novembre - Dec 1968        Eskimo Carvings

                                                   Waddington                                       

                                                   Montréal, Québec

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Mai - Juin 1969                  Eskimo Sculpture '69

                                                   Robertson Galleries                              

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Novembre 1969                  Arctic Art

                                                   Lippel Gallery, presented at Place               

                                                   Bonaventure                                      

                                                   Montréal, Québec

                                                   (brochure illustrée)

       1970                                    Mythology in Stone

                                                   Guilde canadienne des métiers d'art               

                                                   Montréal, Québec

       Juin - Juillet 1970                Sculpture

                                                   Canadian Eskimo Arts Council                     

                                                   une compétition/exposition organisée comme

                                                   contribution au Centième anniversaire des 

   Territoires du Nord Ouest                                            

                                                   Yellowknife, Territoires du Nord-Ouest

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Sep - Oct 1970                   The Woodget Collection of Eskimo Art

                                                   and Artifacts                                    

                                                   Nova Scotia Museum of Fine Art                   

                                                   Halifax, Nouvelle-Écosse

                                                   (catalogue)

       1971 - 1973                        Sculpture/Inuit: Masterworks of the

                                                   Canadian Arctic                                  

                                                   Canadian Eskimo Arts Council                     

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Janvrier - Février 1971  The Art of the Eskimo

                                                   Simon Fraser Gallery,                            

                                                   Simon Fraser University                          

                                                   Burnaby, Colombie-Britannique

                                                   (catalogue)

       Sep - Oct 1971                   Eskimo Carvings and Prints from the

                                                   Collection of York University                    

                                                   Art Gallery of York University                   

                                                   Downsview, Ontario

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Juin - Septembre 1973       Cultures of the Sun and the Snow:

                                                   Indian and Eskimo Art of the Americas            

                                                   Musée des beaux-arts de Montréal                 

                                                   tenu par "Man and His World"                      

                                                   Montréal, Québec

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Décembre 1973 - Janvier 1974      

                                                   Eskimo Sculpture (and Drawings)

                                                   Waddington Galleries                             

                                                   Montréal, Québec

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Août 1974                           Ten Masterworks Exhibition Artists

                                                   Gallery of the Arctic                            

                                                   Victoria, Colombie-Britannique

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

 

       Octobre- Nov 1974             Eskimo Art

                                                   Queens Museum                                    

                                                   Flushing, New York, États-Unis

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       1975                                   Cape Dorset - Selected Sculpture from the

                                                   Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery           

                                                   Winnipeg Art Gallery                             

                                                   Winnipeg, Manitoba

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Octobre - Nov 1976            Selections from the Toronto-Dominion

                                                   Collection of Eskimo Art                          

                                                   National Arts Centre                             

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

       Novembre 1976                  Hunters of Old

                                                   Inukshuk Galleries Inc.                          

                                                   Waterloo, Ontario

       1977                                   The Contemporary Eskimo Prints and Sculpture

                                                   Amon Carter Museum of Western Art                

                                                   Fort Worth, Texas, États-Unis

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Jan 1977 - Juin 1982          The Inuit Print/L'estampe inuit

                                                   Département des affaires amérindiennes                 

                                                   et du développement du Nord                     

                                                   National Museum of Man                           

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       1978                                   Looking South

                                                   Winnipeg Art Gallery                             

                                                   Winnipeg, Manitoba

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

 

       Octobre 1978                      Kiawak, Kumwartok, Kaka:

                                                   The Sons of Pitseolak Ashoona - Cape Dorset      

                                                   The Innuit Gallery of Eskimo Art                 

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

                                                   (brochure illustrée)

       Oct - Nov 1978                    Eskimo Art

                                                   Embankment Gallery                               

                                                   Londres, Angleterre

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Nov - Dec 1978                   Polar Vision: Canadian Eskimo Graphics

                                                   Jerusalem Artists' House Museum                  

                                                   Jérusalem, Israel

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Mars - Avril 1979                Sculpture of the Inuit: Lorne Balshine

                                                   Collection/Lou Osipov Collection/                

                                                   Dr. Harry Winrob Collection                      

                                                   Surrey Art Gallery                               

                                                   Surrey, Colombie-Britannique

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Juillet 1979 - Mai 1980       Inuit Art in the 1970s

                                                   Département des affaires amérindiennes                

                                                   et développement du Nord                 

                                                   Agnes Etherington Art Centre                     

                                                   Kingston, Ontario

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Sep - Oct 1979                   Inuit Sculpture from the Collection of Mr.

                                                   and Mrs. Eugene B. Power                         

                                                   University of Michigan Museum of Art             

                                                   Ann Arbor, Michigan, États-Unis

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Sep - Oct 1979                   Taleelayu-Sedna: An exhibition of Eskimo 

                                                   Art derived from the legends of the              

                                                   sea goddess                                       

                                                   Gallery One                                      

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

 

       Octobre 1979                     Sculpture of the Inuit: Masterwork

                                                   Exhibitors of the Canadian Arctic                

                                                   Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

                                                   Vancouver, Colombie-Britannique

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Jan - Fév 1980                   Inuit Master Artists of the 1970s

                                                   Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

                                                   Vancouver, Colombie-Britannique

       Janvier - Mars 1980            Cape Dorset

                                                   Winnipeg Art Gallery                              

                                                   Winnipeg, Manitoba

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Février - Mars 1980            Collectors' Choice - An Exhibition of

                                                   Important Inuit Sculpture                        

                                                   Waddington Galleries                             

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

       Février - Mars 1980           First Annual Collectors' Invitational

                                                   Exhibition                                       

                                                   Inuk 1/Eskimo Art                                

                                                   San Francisco, California, États-Unis

       Avril - Mai 1980                  The Klamer Family Collection of Inuit

                                                   Art from the Art Gallery of Ontario              

                                                   University of Guelph                             

                                                   Guelph, Ontario

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Octobre 1980                     Inuit Sculpture Prints & Drawings

                                                   Theo Waddington Galleries                         

                                                   Montréal, Québec

       1981                                   Cape Dorset Sculptors and Their Sculpture

                                                   The Inuit Art Collection                          

                                                   Mr. and Mrs. James F. Bacon                      

                                                   Manchester, Connecticut, États-Unis

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

 

       Mai - Juin 1981                   Four Cape Dorset Sculptors

                                                   Theo Waddington Galleries                        

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

       Septembre 1981                 The Year of the Bear

                                                   The Arctic Circle                                

                                                   Los Angeles, California, États-Unis

       Septembre - Octobre 1981    The Jacqui and Morris Shumiatcher

                                                   Collection of Inuit Art                          

                                                   Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery,                    

                                                   University of Regina                             

                                                   Regina, Saskatchewan

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Juin - Octobre 1982           Inuit Art from the Art Centre Collection

                                                   Macdonald Stewart Art Centre                     

                                                   Guelph, Ontario

       Mai 1983                             Out of the Depths: Whalebone Sculpture

                                                   The Innuit Gallery of Eskimo Art                 

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

                                                   (brochure illustrée)

       Mai 1983 - Avril 1985         Grasp Tight the Old Ways: Selections from

                                                   the Klamer Family Collection of Inuit Art        

                                                   Art Gallery of Ontario                           

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Octobre 1983                      Fantasy and Stylization - Cape Dorset

                                                   Sculpture                                        

                                                   Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

                                                   Vancouver, Colombie-Britannique

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Octobre - Déc 1983            Inuit Masterworks: Selections from

                                                   the Collection of Indian and Northern            

                                                   Affairs Canada                                   

                                                   McMichael Canadian Collection                    

                                                   Kleinburg, Ontario

 

       Fév 1984 - Juin 1986          Arctic Vision: Art of the Canadian Inuit

                                                   Department of Indian Affairs and                 

                                                   Northern Development and Canadian                

                                                   Arctic Producers                                  

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Mars - Juin 1984                The Oral Tradition

                                                   National Museum of Man                           

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

       Juin - Août 1984                 Cape Dorset Prints: Twenty-Five Years

                                                   National Gallery of Canada                       

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

       Octobre 1984                      Images of the Far North

                                                   Studio Art Gallery,                              

                                                   State University of New York                     

                                                   Binghamton, New York, États-Unis

       Fév 1985 - Avr 1986           Die Kunst aus der Arktis

                                                   Department of Indian and Northern                

                                                   Affairs Canada, Ottawa,                          

                                                   présenté par Commerzbank                         

                                                   Frankfurt, Allemagne

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Mars - Mai 1985                 Uumajut: Animal Imagery in Inuit Art

                                                   Winnipeg Art Gallery                              

                                                   Winnipeg, Manitoba

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Mai 1985                            Gems in Arctic Jade: Sculpture of the Inuit

                                                   Arctic Artistry                                  

                                                   Hartsdale, New York, États-Unis

       Octobre 1985                      Our Hoods are Full

                                                   Arctic Artistry                                  

                                                   Hartsdale, New York, États-Unis

 

       Décembre 1985                Masterwork Sculpture 1985

                                                   Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

                                                   Vancouver, Columbie-Britannique

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Juillet 1986                          Baffin Island Sculpture

                                                   Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

                                                   Vancouver, Columbi-Britannique

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Juillet 1986 - Fév 1988       Selections from the John and Mary Robertson

                                                   Collection of Inuit Art                          

                                                   Agnes Etherington Art Centre                     

                                                   Queen's University                               

                                                   Kingston, Ontario

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Mars 1988                           Arctic Forms - Inuit Sculpture

                                                   Arctic Inuit Art Gallery                         

                                                   Richmond, Virginie, États-Unis

       Juin - Septembre 1988       The World Around Me

                                                   University of Lethbridge Art Gallery             

                                                   Lethbridge, Alberta

       Octobre 1988                      Opening Exhibition

                                                   Nunavut Fine Arts Limited                         

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

       Novembre 1988                  Primitive Art from the Arctic

                                                   Arctic Artistry                                  

                                                   Hartsdale, New York, États-Unis

       Nov 1988 - Avr 1989          Night Spirits: Cape Dorset 1960-1965

                                                   Winnipeg Art Gallery                             

                                                   Winnipeg, Manitoba

       Décembre 1988 - 1989       Im Schatten der Sonne:Zeitgenossische Kunst

                                                   der Indianer und Eskimos in Kanada/In the        

                                                   Shadow of the Sun:Contemporary Indian and Inuit  

                                                   Art in Canada                                    

                                                   Musée canadien de la civilisation                  

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Janvier 1989                       Cold Stones, Warm Hearts: Inuit Art

                                                   from the Northwest Territories                   

                                                   University of Richmond                            

                                                   Richmond, Virginie, États-Unis

       Jan - Fév 1989                   Images of the Far North

                                                   Arctic Artistry                                  

                                                   (held at the Erie County Fairgrounds)            

                                                   Hartsdale, New York, États-Unis

       Avril 1989                            Master Works from the Early Years

                                                   Arctic Artistry                                  

                                                   Hastings-on-Hudson, New York, États-Unis

       Juin 1989                            Masters of the Arctic: An Exhibition

                                                   of Contemporary Inuit Masterworks                

                                                   Présenté par la Amway Corporation               

                                                  à l'assemblée générale des nations unies         

                                                   New York, New York, U.S.A.

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Jan - Sep 1990                   Arctic Mirror

                                                   Canadian Museum of Civilization                  

                                                   Hull, Québec

       Sep - Oct 1990                   Through the Eyes of the Shaman

                                                   Arctic Artistry                                  

                                                   Hastings-on-Hudson, New York, États-Unis

       Novembre 1990                  Inuit Masterworks

                                                   Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

                                                   Vancouver, Colombie-Britannique

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Déc 1990 - Jan 1991          A Family Tradition: Inuit Art

                                                   from Canada's Arctic                              

                                                   Presented by Arctic Inuit Art at the             

                                                   Virginia Museum of Fine Arts                     

                                                   Richmond, Virginia, États-Unis

 

       Février - Juin 1991            Granville Island Canadian Inuit Sculpture

                                                   Exhibition (first exhibition)                    

                                                   Vancouver Inuit Art Society                      

                                                   Vancouver, Colombie-Britannique

       Mai 1991                            Inuit Music in Art: Singing and Dancing and

                                                   Playing                                          

                                                   Feheley Fine Arts                                

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

       Juin - Septembre 1991       Granville Island Canadian Inuit Sculpture

                                                   Exhibition (second exhibition)                   

                                                   Vancouver Inuit Art Society                      

                                                   Vancouver, Colombie-Britannique

       Nov - Déc 1991                  Inuit Sculpture:  Displayed in Conjunction with

                                                   the 1991 Cape Dorset Annual Graphics Collection  

                                                   Muscarelle Museum of Art                         

                                                   Williamsburg, Virginie, États-Unis

       Déc 1991 - Mars 1992         In Cape Dorset We Do It This Way:  Three Decades

                                                   of Inuit Printmaking                             

                                                   McMichael Canadian Art Collection                

                                                   Kleinburg, Ontario

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Fév - Sep 1992                   Inuit Art: Drawings and Recent Sculpture

                                                   National Gallery of Canada                       

                                                   Ottawa, Ontario

       Mai 1992                             Our Hoods Are Full

                                                   Arctic Artistry                                   

                                                   Hastings-on-Hudson, New York, États-Unis

       Nov - Déc 1992                   Inuit Sculpture--New Acquisitions

                                                   Pucker Gallery                                    

                                                   Boston, Massachusetts, États-Unis

                                                   (brochure illustrée)

 

       Décembre 1992                 Small Sculptures by Great Artists I

                                                  Feheley Fine Arts                                

                                                  Toronto, Ontario

       Mars - Juin 1993                Strange Scenes: Early Cape Dorset Drawings

                                                   McMichael Canadian Collection                    

                                                   Kleinberg, Ontario

       Nov 1993 - Mar 1994         The Inuit Imagination

                                                   Winnipeg Art Gallery                             

                                                   Winnipeg, Manitoba

       Décembre 1993                  Small Sculptures by Great Artists II

                                                   Feheley Fine Arts                                

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

       Mai - Août 1994                  On Collectors and Collecting:

                                                   Selections from the Herb & Cece Schreiber        

                                                   Family Collection                                

                                                   The Art Gallery of Hamilton                       

                                                   Hamilton, Ontario

                                                   (brochure llustrée)

       Juillet 1994                          Arctic Spirit

                                                   35 Years of Canadian Inuit Art                   

                                                   Frye Art Museum                                  

                                                   Seattle, Washington, États-Unis

       Octobre 1994                      Sculpture of the Inuit:

                                                   Major Works by the Masters of Stone              

                                                   Maslak McLeod Canadian Art                       

                                                   Santa Fe, New Mexico, États-Unis

       Nov - Déc 1994                  Small Sculptures by Great Artists III

                                                   Feheley Fine Arts                                

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

       Jan - Fév 1995                   The Collector's Eye

                                                   Inuit Art from Private Collections               

                                                   Albers Gallery                                   

                                                   San Francisco, Californie, États-Unis

                                                   (brochure illustrée)

 

      Mars - Juillet 1995               Immaginario Inuit

                                                   Arte e cultura degli esquimesi canadesi          

                                                   Galleria d'Arte Moderna                           

                                                   e Contemporanea                                  

                                                   Vérone, Italie

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Mai - Sep 1995                   Keeping Our Stories Alive:

                                                   An Exhibition of the Art and Crafts              

                                                   from Dene and Inuit of Canada                     

                                                   Institute of American Indian Arts Museum         

                                                   Santa Fe, Nouveau-Mexique, États-Unis

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Novembre 1995                  Inspiration

                                                   Four Decades of Sculpture                        

                                                   Marion Scott Gallery                              

                                                   Vancouver, Colombie-Britannique

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       EXPOSIITIONS SOLO:

       MarS 1980                          Kiawak Ashoona

                                                   Theo Waddington                                  

                                                   New York, New York, États-Unis

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       Mai - Juin 1980                   Kiawak Ashoona - Stone Sculpture

                                                   Waddington Galleries                             

                                                   Toronto, Ontario

                                                   (brochure illustrée)

       Novembre 1985                  Kiawak Ashoona: aus Cape Dorset, Baffin-Insel,

                                                   Nordkanada                                       

                                                   Inuit Galerie                                    

                                                   Mannheim, Allemagne

       Août - Sep 1986                 Kiugak Ashoona - Recent Sculpture

                                                   Houston North Gallery                            

                                                   Lunenburg, Nouvelle-Écosse

 

       Mai 1991                             Kiawak

                                                   Marion Scott Gallery                             

                                                   Vancouver, Colombie-Britannique

                                                   (catalogue illustré)

       COLLECTIONS PERMANENTES:

       Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, Fort Worth, Texas, États-Unis

       Amway Environmental Foundation Collection, Ada, Michigan, États-Unis

       Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario

       Art Gallery of York University, Downsview, Ontario          

       Canada Council Art Bank, Ottawa, Ontario

       Guilde canadienne des métiers d'art du Québec, Montréal, Québec

       Musée canadien de la civilisation, Hull, Québec

       Dennos Museum Center, Northwestern Michigan College, Traverse City, États-Unis

       Glenbow Museum, Calgary, Alberta

       Inuit Cultural Institute, Rankin Inlet, Territoires du Nord-Ouest

       Klamer Family Collection, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario

       Macdonald Stewart Art Centre, Guelph, Ontario

       McMaster University Art Gallery, Hamilton, Ontario

       McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario

       Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, New York, États-Unis

       Musée des beaux-arts de Montréal, Montréal, Québec

       Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, États-Unis

       National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario

       Nunatta Sunaqutangit Museum, Iqaluit, Territoires du Nord-Ouest

       Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre, Yellowknife, Territoires du Nord-Ouest

       Sarick Collection, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario

       Simon Fraser Gallery, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Colombie-Britannique

       Toronto-Dominion Bank Collection, Toronto, Ontario

       University of Lethbridge Art Gallery, Lethbridge, Alberta

       Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, Manitoba

 

HONNEURS, ACCOMPLISSEMENT et ÉVÉNEMENTS:

       1959     Kiawak prend part au vernissage de l'exposition 'Eskimo Carvers at Stratford',

                    qui est tenue pendant le Festival de Stratford de 1959, Stratford, Ontario.

       1971     Il voyage à Vancouver pour le vernissage de l'exposition ¨Sculpture/Inuit¨.

       1971     La sculpture "Howling spirit (Tornrak) and its young" (1962) est sur la page couverture

                     du catalogue SCULPTURE/INUIT.

       1980     Une sculpture par Kiawak intitulée 'Sedna' est reproduit sut un timbre de 17 sous issu le 25      

                    Septembre 1980.

       1987     Une sculpture d'Ashoone est présenté au président des États-Unis Ronald Reagan au Sommet

                    du 21 Juin 1988 à Toronto. 

       1989     Kiawak prend part au vernissage de l'exposition 'Masters of the Arctic' à New York.

 

           RÉFÉRENCES:

 

           ARTS OF THE ESKIMO: PRINTS:  /Ed. by Ernst Roch. Texts by

           Patrick Furneaux and Leo Rosshandler.  Montreal: Signum Press in

           association with Oxford University Press, Toronto, 1974.

 

           IM SCHATTEN DER SONNE:  Zeitgenoessische Kunst der Indianer und

           Eskimos in Kanada. [In the Shadow of the Sun: Contemporary Art

           of the Indians and Eskimos in Canada].  Stuttgart: Edition

           Cantz.  Ottawa: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1988.

 

           INUIT SPIRITS:  Theme of New Postage Stamps.  News/North, vol.

           25, September 19, 1980. [1]p.

            Blakeman, Evelyn                                 

           OMINGMAK:  The Muskox.  The Inuit Art Enthusiasts Newsletter,

           Issue 31, April, 1986.

           Blodgett, Jean                                   

           CHRISTIANITY AND INUIT ART.  The Beaver, Autumn, 1984. pp.16-25.

          Blodgett, Jean                                    

           GRASP TIGHT THE OLD WAYS:  Selections from the Klamer Family

           Collection of Inuit Art.  Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1983.

           Blodgett, Jean                                   

           IN CAPE DORSET WE DO IT THIS WAY:  THREE DECADES OF INUIT

           PRINTMAKING:  Jean Blodgett/with essays by Heather Ardies,

           Leslie Boyd and Linda Sutherland.  Kleinburg, Ont. : McMichael

           Canadian Art Collection, 1991.

           Blodgett, Jean                                    

           SELECTIONS FROM THE JOHN AND MARY ROBERTSON COLLECTION OF INUIT

           SCULPTURE.  Kingston, Ont. : Queens University,  The Agnes

           Etherington Art Centre, 1986.

           Blodgett, Jean and Susan Gustavison               

           STRANGE SCENES:  EARLY CAPE DORSET DRAWINGS.  Kleinburg, Ont.:

           McMichael Canadian Collection, 1993.

          Canada.  Dept. of Indian Affairs and Northern Dev.

           INUNNIT:  The Art of the Canadian Eskimo = L'art des Eskimaux du

           Canada. / by W. T. Larmour. French translation by Jacques

           Brunet.  Ottawa: Department of Indian Affairs and Northern

           Development, 1967.

          Canadian Eskimo Arts Council                     

           SCULPTURE/INUIT:  Sculpture of the Inuit: masterworks of the

           Canadian Arctic = La sculpture chez les Inuit: chefs-d'oeuvre de

           l'Arctique canadien.  Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

           London: Aidan Ellis Publishing, 1971.

           Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec                  

           CANADIAN GUILD OF CRAFTS QUEBEC. = GUILDE CANADIENNE DES METIERS

           D'ART QUEBEC:  The Permanent Collection: Inuit Arts and Crafts,

           c. 1900-1980.  Montreal:  Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec, 1980.

           Drolet, Jean-Paul                                

           THE ART THAT CAME IN FROM THE COLD.  Ottawa:  XII International

           Congress of the International Society of Photogrammetry, 1972.

           Gillmor, Alison                                  

           THE ASHOONA FAMILY OF CAPE DORSET.  Inuit Art Quarterly, 10(2)

           Summer 1995, pp. 38-39.

          Houston, James A.                                 

           INUIT SCULPTURE:  The Spirit in the Stone.  Town and Country,

           vol. 137, no. 5042, November, 1983. pp.315-317, 322-323.

           Institute of American Indian Arts Museum         

           KEEPING OUR STORIES ALIVE:  An Exhibition of Art and Crafts from

           Dene and Inuit of Canada.  Santa Fe, N.M.: Institute of American

           Native Arts Museum, 1995.

           Inuit Art Collection                             

           CAPE DORSET:  Sculptors and their Sculpture.  Manchester, Conn.:

           The Inuit Art Collection, 1981.

           Inuit Galerie                                    

           KIAWAK ASHOONA.  Mannheim: Federal Republic of Germany, Inuit

           Gallerie, 1987.

          Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

           Baffin Island Sculpture.  Vancouver, B.C. : Inuit Gallery, 1986.

           Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

           CAPE DORSET SCULPTURE:  Fantasy & Stylization.  Vancouver: Inuit

           Gallery of Vancouver, 1983.

           Inuit Gallery of Vancouver                       

           SCULPTURE OF THE INUIT:  Masterwork Exhibitors of the Canadian

           Arctic.  Vancouver: Inuit Gallery, 1979.

           Jackson, Marion E.                               

           THE ASHOONAS OF CAPE DORSET:  In Touch with Tradition.

           North/Nord, vol. 29, no. 3, Fall, 1982. pp.14-18.

          Leechman, Douglas                                

           ESKIMO SCULPTURE IN STONE.  Canadian Geographical Journal, vol.

           49, no. 3, September, 1954. pp.90-99.

           Lipton, Barbara                                  

           ARCTIC VISION:  Art of the Canadian Inuit.  Ottawa : Canadian

           Arctic Producers, 1984.

          Macduff, Alistair                                

           LORDS OF THE STONE:  An Anthology of Eskimo Sculpture. / By

           Alistair  Macduff. Photographs by George M. Galpin.  North

           Vancouver:  Whitecap Books, 1982.

           Marion Scott Gallery                             

           INSPIRATION:  FOUR DECADES OF SCULPTURE BY CANADIAN INUIT:

           Curated by Norman Zepp.  Vancouver:  Marion Scott Gallery [1996].

           McMichael Canadian Collection                    

           THE MCMICHAEL CANADIAN COLLECTION.  Kleinberg: McMichael

           Canadian Collection, 1979.

           Millard, Peter                                   

           ON QUALITY IN ART:  Who decides.  Inuit Art Quarterly, vol. 7,

           no. 3, Summer/Fall 1992, pp. 4-14.

          National Museum of Man                           

           THE INUIT PRINT = L'ESTAMPE INUIT:  A Travelling Exhibition... =

           Une exposition itinerante...  Ottawa: National Museum of Man,

           National Museums of Canada, 1977.

           Oxorn, Pearl                                     

           AN INUIT'S TRIBUTE TO CONTAIN FAMILY UNITY.  Ottawa Journal,

           October 23, 1976.

          Ritchie, Carson I.A.                             

           THE ESKIMO AND HIS ART.  Toronto: The Macmillan Company of

           Canada, 1974.  [London and New York, 1975].

           Robertson Galleries                              

           CARVINGS AND PRINTS BY THE FAMILY OF PITSEOLAK.  Ottawa: The

           Robertson Galleries, 1967.

           Robertson Galleries                              

           ESKIMO SCULPTURE '69.  Ottawa: The Robertson Galleries, 1969.

           Routledge, Marie                                  

           KIAWAK ASHOONA:  Sculpture.  Cape Dorset: Kingait Press, 1980.

           Seidelman, Harold and James Turner               

           THE INUIT IMAGINATION:  Arctic Myth and Sculpture.

           Vancouver/Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre, 1993.

           Swinton, George                                  

           SCULPTURE OF THE ESKIMO.  Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1972.

       University of Guelph                             

           THE KLAMER FAMILY COLLECTION OF INUIT ART (from the Art Gallery

           of Ontario).  Guelph: University of Guelph, 1980.

       Verona.   Galleria d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea

           IMMAGINARIO INUIT:  ARTE E CULTURA DEGLI ESQUIMESICANADESI.

           Commune di Verona:  Galleria d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di

           Palazzo Forti, 1995.

           Waddington Galleries                             

           ESKIMO SCULPTURE.  Montreal: Waddington Galleries, 1974.

           Webb, Marshall                                   

           THE TORONTO DOMINION GALLERY OF INUIT ART.  Toronto, Ont. :

           Inuit Art Quarterly 1(2):8-9, 1986.

           Winnipeg Art Gallery                             

           CAPE DORSET.  Winnipeg: The Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1979.

           Winnipeg Art Gallery                             

           CAPE DORSET:  Selected Sculpture from the Collection of the

           Winnipeg Art Gallery.  Winnipeg: The Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1975.